The “normal” form of adjectives, the form found in dictionaries, is singular and masculine. To make the adjective plural, follow one of these steps, which are plural as for nouns: remember – the NOUN is the boss – adjectives always correspond to the noun in gender and number. Adjectives can come before or after nouns, or they can be used with verbs such as ser (“to be”) to describe nouns. But (with the exception of immutable adjectives), they always correspond to the nouns they describe both in number and gender. Plural Spanish adjectives always end in -s, whether -es, -os or -as. Again, it will be -os for masculine adjectives, -as well as for feminine adjectives. Plural adjectives ending in -es can be masculine or feminine. Singular Spanish adjectives always end in -z, -r, l, -e or -o/-a. By far the most common Spanish adjective extension is the -o/-a variety.
It ends in its masculine form on -o and in its feminine form on -a. You may be wondering how an adjective can be masculine, feminine or plural. Well, the key is that Spanish adjectives don`t have an inherent gender or plurality like nouns. They simply copy the shape of the name they describe. This means that the adjective is in agreement both plurality and gender with the noun it describes. Note: If you do not know how to use the possessive in Spanish, this is explained in our article on Spanish pronouns. Now try it for yourself. The following sentences contain adjectives only in the standard form (masculine, singular).
The adjective in each sentence has been printed in bold to make things easier. It is your job to decide if they are right and, if not, to correct them. An adjective is a “descriptive word”. It is a word used to describe a name (a person, a place or a thing). Some English examples are happy, bad, small, wise and interesting. If you search for an adjective in the dictionary, it is always in the singular masculine form, for example blanco. Adjectives in Spanish usually follow the patterns in this table to match the noun they describe. Spanish adjectives are usually listed in their singular masculine form in dictionaries, so it`s important to know how to match these masculine singular adjectives with the noun you`re describing. Most adjectives end with their singular masculine forms on o, e or a consonant. Below are the rules for adapting these adjectives to their respective nouns in gender and number. These forms are becoming increasingly rare, especially in Latin America, and are starting to change anyway.
For example, “rose” can become “rosado” and “naranja” can become “anaranjado”. Nevertheless, here are some examples of adjectives that can remain unchanged regardless of the noun. Some adjectives, despite their ending, are used for both sexes, especially those ending in -E or consonants, for example: “an interesting libro”, “a fácil examination”, “a chico optimista/una chica optimista”. .